Carnivalesque is depicted, as a complete opposite role reversal is apparent. The strong characters in these two shows are the children, Stewie and Lisa. These shows dramatically change what is normally viewed as traditional. Parents no longer teach their kids, rather the children teach them. They are merely reversed. These thoughts encourage us, as the audience, to rethink what we consider as normal. However, all three portray these concepts beautifully. From role reversal, to degrading authority, and to using humorous situations, voices, and bodily functions to mock the revered, these shows are carnivalesque.
In addition, they break the stereotype that creates a conservative work. Instead they are progressive as they challenge us to rethink what should be, and uniquely see the ideas that contradict our norms. The fairy tale Snow-white and Rose-red , by the Grimm brothers, is an excellent example of a conservative, adult-centered text.
In this text, the agency is with the adults and the children are seen as nostalgic images of childhood. Snow-white and Rose-red prove that children are good and follow the direction of adult figures even when the adult may not be present. The conservative nature of this text is overwhelming.
The author is not challenging children to do anything; but rather teaching them that if they are obedient then they will be happy. The old mother lived for many years peacefully with her children. The text does not wish for children to challenge the things that their mother tells them to do.
The text reinforces a sense of good behavior and family closeness.
In this family, the mother is the one with the authority and all of the agency. The girls are attentive to the instructions of their mother and follow them with haste. In an adult-centered text, children understand that adults know better than children so they must follow what adults say. This shows the readers that children should listen to their mothers or other adult figures because, of course, they know more than a child.
This adult-centered trait is highly visible throughout the text. Yet another image of the children, in this adult-centered text, is when they follow the directions of their mother even when she is not there. The mother has engrained the children with the importance of being kind to everyone. They show kindness to the dwarf throughout the story even though he was not nice to them. You have torn my thin little coat all to shreds, useless, awkward hussies that you are!
This does not deter the girls from their kind-heartedness and helping anyone in need. This is an excellent example of an adult-centered trait. Snow-white and Rose-red are perfect symbols of the nostalgic childhood images who end up being rewarded for their good nature and kind hearts. The authors are showing that if a child is obedient and good then they will surely receive a reward in the end.
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There are many attributes of an adult-centered text that this story has which contributes to the conservative nature of the text. This text is extremely conservative and adult-centered in various ways. This fairytale encompasses some of the topics we have discussed in class. It not only is incredibly child centered, but it also is progressive. The Grimm brothers depicted both Hansel and Grethel as smart, capable people. As Hansel dropped pebble after pebble on the road to help them find their way home, the wife noticed that he consistently looked back at the house.
Therefore, his plan worked and he and his sister are able to find their way home after being left in the woods. By, having the ability to outsmart the adults, Hansel proved to have a great amount of agency. He not only had the courage to secretly plot against them, but also managed to trick them into believing he was just a childish boy fantasizing about his cat. His lie about the cat is significant because it shows that he understands adults have these assumptions that children are childlike in their thinking.
Grethel also had her moment of greatness when she tricked the witch. Smartly, Grethel told the old witch she did not understand how to get in the oven. Ultimately, the witch was engulfed in flames resulting in her ruin. Like Hansel, Grethel is depicted as a stronger, smarter character than the adults, especially the witch, within this fairytale.
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Both children easily trick the adults. In addition, they have the power to find their way through the woods at the end of the story with no pebbles or bread to guide them. The two children truly have an enormous amount of agency as they not only can outsmart the adults, but also can manipulate nature to help them. It is as if Hansel and Grethel gain more confidence, and agency as they manipulate and conquer every obstacle crossing their path.
Another example of why this text is child-centered is how the adults are depicted. First, it is important to note that it is only the children who have names. In addition, the adults are all portrayed as selfish, weak, and evil. The wild animals would soon come and tear them to pieces!
Then we must all four die of hunger, thou mayest as well plane the planks for our coffins. The father barely stood up for his children, and let his wife send them to their deaths. He merely gave into her, even though it was clear that he loved his children dearly. Although he is a good character, he has no power to stand up for what he believed and felt strongly for.
Therefore, it is apparent, that all three adults in this story are perceived as evil or weak, making this a truly child-centered text. She believed that they could never locate their way out of the woods because they were mere children, and would have no adult to guide them. However, they break these assumptions by finding their way through the forest not once, but twice. This is extremely progressive, because it challenges some of the stereotypical assumptions about childhood.
Children are often thought of as very dependent on their parents and innocent; however, Hansel and Grethel clearly do not need their parents to find their way. In fact, the children not only found their way through the confusing woods and saved themselves from the horrid witch, but they also saved their father.
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In a more conservative text the father would have been the savior; however, it is Hansel and Grethel who hold all the power and save the day. It challenges assumptions about children, and gives children a great amount of agency. Hansel and Grethel are depicted as capable strong characters, whereas the adults are seen as evil and weak. The children also reject the norms of childhood that suggest life for a child is simple and fun, as they understand their lives are complex, and they work hard to control the situations around them.
By there same token, there are certain things that are expected of a girl to maintain her societal femininity.
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From a young age, we are lead to believe that boys are the dominant, more powerful sex. Females are portrayed as care takers and are often seen as being more compassionate and caring then males are. Men are expected to rougher and less sensitive. The men are expected to work hard to bring home money to support their families. Females are often portrayed as being more in touch with their emotions.
None of these ideas applies to any one person any more so then do personality traits, but our society interpellates these ideas into our minds every minute of every day. The following passage is from my paper on the Goonies , in which I highlight some examples of the interpellation typical female and male roles in this movie. The boys seem to be portrayed in the usual ways, as being mischievous and thrill seeking, while the girls are shown as weak and scared.
The oldest girl, Andy, seems more concerned with her crush throughout the movie then she does with finding the gold and taking an active role in the adventure. There is a point in the movie where Mikey tells Andy that she may want to hold his hand because it was dark up ahead and it may be dangerous. This is another example of the girls and the guys being put into common roles that society has created for them. As we have been told since we were young children through fairy tales and everyday life, men are supposed to take care of females and be there to protect them.
This statement reaffirms the idea of interpellation of typical male and female roles in this film. The developers son is driving a convertible and wearing his letter jacket and has two girls in his car, while Brent is wearing ratty old sweats and is riding his little brothers bike. Interpellation is shown in the idea that the rich kids are cool and popular, while the poor kids are unpopular and outcasts.
At the end of the movie, when the family realizes they have enough money to save their home, they come together and hug each other and really show affection towards each other for the first time in the movie. Again, interpellation is shown in that money and material things bring happiness. Children who are born into wealth and privilege are showcased in reality television and documentaries, further rubbing our noses in the fact that there are parents who can provide for their children in ways that you or I could never imagine from a material standpoint.
Our culture seems to go out of its way to display this quality, to make those who have more feel better about themselves and those who have less feel worse.
I think this reoccurring theme is strong in the Goonies. As described in the excerpt Mikeys family is portrayed as poor and unhappy.
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The rich family holds the happiness of the poor family in its hands. The rich family has all of the agency while the poor family has none. Like in our society, the poor are at the mercy of the rich. They want to keep power in the hands of those who have always had it, and usually on of the only ways to do that is to interpellate society to believe that that is where the power and authority belong in the first place. In fact, I always hated princesses and pink for that matter.
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Below are some detailed examples of interpellation that I found in this particular version of the story:. He is stopped along the way by a strange old man. The picture of the old man in this story is interesting because the old man is dressed rather uniquely. I think that this shows interpellation because it shows that strange people dress differently from normal people.